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I am trying to develop a collection of know-how and packages that are important for doing day-to-day computing in linux. So, that no one complain that they are not shifting to linux because of lack of know how. I have installed Fedora 9 (Latest release) in my desktop in the hostel.

Unsolved Problems

Wiki is all about collaboration. If you know proper procedures for any of these, make a section of it and explain.

  1. Active connection settings for Valknut.
  2. yumex, or for that matter Add/remove programme of Gnome is unable to access the internet through the http Proxy, even though it is set in the preferences.


Get Started

A basic knowledge of Bash Shell is expected from the reader of this wiki entry. I would suggest to go through this Linux getting started.

Setting the Stage

Apart from on-line repository, the DVD of Fedora 9 also contain useful packages. Installing these from DVD would really be fast and saves the net bandwidth. This are the step that you need to do to configure yum to install form DVD.

Step 1: Setting the yum to use local dvd files. When we insert the DVD of fedora, it is mounted automatically on /media/Fedora 9 i386 DVD. What i figured out is that the spaces in between the name of the folder cause error in the .repo file. So, i decided to manually mount it as.

cd /media
mkdir dvd-rom
mount -t iso9660 /dev/cdrom /media/dvd-rom/

Add these lines to the end of /etc/yum.conf

name=Fedora DVD
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-fedora file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY

This will give priority to the DVD, over internet

Install Yumex

Its really worth using, much better than the GNOME Add/remove program.

yum -y install yumex

Proxy Settings(for IITD Readers only)

If you want your yum to use the proxy server, then.

http_proxy="http://usrname:[email protected]:3128"

You have to do it each time you use su, else add this line to your root's .bashrc file.

gedit .bashrc

If you are using Yumex, then do then proxy setting by, System -> Preferences -> Internet and Networks -> Network Proxy. Don't forget to log off and log on.

After doing all these, make sure you have these repos selected by going system-> Administration -> Software Sources

repo id              repo name                                 status
base-local           Fedora DVD                                enabled
fedora               Fedora 9 - i386                           enabled
fedora-source        Fedora 9 - Source                         enabled
livna                Livna for Fedora Core 9 - i386 - Base     enabled
livna-source         Livna for Fedora Core 9 - i386 - Source   enabled
updates              Fedora 9 - i386 - Updates                 enabled

Accessing CS Deptt internet A/c from Hostel(For IITD Readers)

As in windows you use putty to connnect from you hostel also defining the tunnel to In Linux Following command will connect to palasi and define the tunnel connecting your pc's port 8080 to's port 8080.

ssh -L 8080: [email protected]

As similar to windows you'll also need to do proxy settings in you webbrowser. e.g. for firefox goto Edit->Preferences->Advanced->network->settings than opt for Manual Proxy configuration. Enter the Http proxy IP localhost and port no. 8080.

You can also use appropriate option(-x/-X) to enable X forwarding.

Keep in Mind

This section is devoted to some silly mistakes that can frustrate you, these are all my experiences, and might not be applicable in general.


yum groupinstall Fedora\ Eclipse

Hang lock screen

Many time after locking the screen the system seems to hang, you are unable to enter password and you reboot the system. But keep in Mind in Linux there is no need to reboot in 99.999999% cases. Actually the lock-screen software got hangs sometime. So what to do ? just kill the process.

$ ps -ejH | grep scr

1583O 15830 15830 ? 00:00:00 gnome-screensav

$ kill -9 1583O
$ Ctrl+Alt+F7

After getting screen , restart the lock-screen software by typing

$ gnome-screensaver

Get Set n Go!

Play anything

A very good blog entry which covers a lot is Read. Do These:

These worked for me so i thought to mention the names.

Flash Plugin for Mozilla

We are You tube addictive, and so need this plugin badly. its simple to install. just go to Adobe site and follow the instructions. Download the rpm package.

Read anything

Windows Help File

(.chm) is a format used in windows for writing Reference manuals. If you want to Read them in linux.

yum install gnochm

This is for Gnome.

Adobe Acrobat Reader

Just download it from here. Just, download the rpm and install it.

Desktop Utilities


If somehow, you didn't got the option of choosing betn GNOME or KDE during installation, you can install KDE like this.

yum groupinstall KDE

Google's Products

Install google Linux Repo -- Run these Sequentially

rpm --import

varify above by

rpm -qi gpg-pubkey-7fac5991-4615767f

As root, add the following to a file called google.repo in /etc/yum.repos.d/:

name=Google - i386


name=Google - x86_64

now use these commands

$ yum install picasa
$ yum install googleearth-package
$ yum install google-desktop-linux

Yeah! Google Desktop, the great desktop searching tool is also available for Linux.

The RAR File

yum install unrar

Enlightenment Package

visit this

Write Anything

Open office 2.4 comes with fedora 9. I am here listing some other editors that you can install.


If you are interested in any type of coding, be it C, Java, HTML, VHDL or whatever. This tool is really handy, with auto completion and text colouring. What you also get is Electronic editing, which i tested for VHDL and its quite good.


Just forget about MS Word, when it comes to report/paper/technical writing If you need professional looking documents with predefined rules of formatting, LaTeX is the best thing that you have. Get the Kile IDE for latex.

yum install kile

Mount Anything

Well, When i searched over net, i found that we need not have to do anything for this, as GNOME take cares of it. But, I was unable to access the NTFS files of windows. So, this is the way i found. -- Given procedure is somewhat old -- try using Gnome-Automount which automate many things

Step 1. Install these, most probably they will be installed.

sudo yum install fuse fuse-libs ntfs-3g

Step 2. Check your partition tables by

cd /sbin
./fdisk -l

The results:

Disk /dev/sda: 160.0 GB, 160041885696 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 19457 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x119e119d

   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/sda1   *           1        3824    30716248+   7  HPFS/NTFS
/dev/sda2            3825       19456   125564040    f  W95 Ext'd (LBA)
/dev/sda5            7649       19456    94847728+   7  HPFS/NTFS
/dev/sda6            3825        7387    28619734+  83  Linux
/dev/sda7            7388        7648     2096451   82  Linux swap / Solaris

Say we have to mount sda1 as c_drive and sda5 as software.

Step. 3: Create mount points

cd /media
mkdir c_drive software

Step. 4 Mount the drive (for Read Only)

mount /dev/sda1 /media/c_drive -t ntfs-3g -r -o umask=0222
mount /dev/sda5 /media/software -t ntfs-3g -r -o umask=0222

Mount the drive (for Read/Write )

mount /dev/sda1 /media/c_drive -t ntfs-3g -rw -o umask=0000
mount /dev/sda5 /media/software -t ntfs-3g -rw -o umask=0000

Step. 5: Automate it Edit the file /etc/fstab and add these lines at the edn.

/dev/sda1   /media/c_drive     ntfs-3g    rw,defaults,umask=0000 0 0
/dev/sda5   /media/software    ntfs-3g    rw,defaults,umask=0000 0 0

If you have FAT32/FAT16 then use vfat in place of ntfs-3g. Most likely, you need not have to do this.

Synaptics Touchpad Fedora 9

Setting up Valknut (DC++/ ODC substitute)

Well, I have always been unanswerable to the question, what about DC++ in linux?

This is it! Step 1

yum install valknut

Step 2: Go to Applications->Internet->valknut.

Go to file -> options for usual settings, like download locations, and file sharing. Choose connection type as passive. I don't know why active is not working forme, perhaps i m unaware of various settings. (if someone knows, please mention it)

Click on Show hub list. Then go to bookmarks. Right click and add hubs.


Note: You will not be able to download from those users who are also using passive connection. So, it would be helpful if somebody comes up with the active settings.

Remove IPv6 for speed up

9. Go to etc/modprobe.conf file. Insert these lines at the bottom of the file:
alias ipv6 off
alias net-pf-10 off
10. Save the file.
11. Reboot your machine
12. Enjoy the SPEED

from [1]


Its really difficult to give all the information one page. If you are looking for some application and didn't find it here, these are the places you can go.

  2. Link 1
  3. link 2
  4. | Link
  5. -- A large number of presentations on Fedora
  6. And All's favorite - 21st century Solution to all problems!
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